How We Approach The Bespoke Kitchen Design at Artichoke
Artichoke’s approach to kitchen design is far more architectural than most, and we are highly experienced in resolving how interior space is organised by furniture.
Before any drawing work is done, it’s important for us to gain a thorough understanding of our client’s domestic arrangements. Gaining this knowledge helps us design spaces that work effortlessly. It is the key to providing functional solutions for our clients.
The Birth of Modern Kitchen Design
In order to design kitchens of the future, it helps to understand the kitchen design of the past. By doing so, we believe we can help clients with large country houses understand how their houses were initially intended to be used, and in doing so, how we can improve how they are used in the future.
The Artichoke team pays particularly close attention to how country houses were originally intended to operate, and how changing socio-economic environments have affected this use over time. There have been huge cultural changes over the last 150 years.
Read more about The Birth of Modern Kitchen Design
General Requirements for The Bespoke Kitchen Design
The key to a successful outcome is to establish a clear brief for the kitchen and surrounding areas of the house.
Who is the client? Is the person providing us with the brief for the kitchen the person paying for it? To us it is vital to establish a relationship with all interested parties.
Who will be using the kitchen and how does the household operate? This might sound like an odd question, but often, the person who will be using the kitchen is not the same person paying for it. For instance, some clients have housekeepers, so it’s vital to understand their needs within the kitchen.
How many people does the kitchen need to serve on a daily basis?
What is the largest number of people the kitchen needs to cater for on a semi regular basis?
Does the client have a budget? It is vital to establish a budget for the kitchen early on. Setting financial expectations from the outset will help control the kitchen specification.
What are the client priorities for the kitchen: Quality / Cost / Function / Aesthetics / Deliverability? The prioritisation of these five topics will have an impact on the kitchen design.
What is the time frame for the project? The sooner we can identify and consider the risks to the project; the more effective we will be in providing for them. Quite often for instance, the builder will be screaming for positions of gas, water, extraction and drainage before the design has even been started.
Does the kitchen need to accommodate religious dietary needs such as ‘Kosher’? This is important as some religions have very specific food storage needs.
Is the property listed? What are the listing restrictions and do any apply to the kitchen space, ducting routes etc?
Where is the kitchen located within the house? Has it been nominated enough space?
Is there a requirement for the kitchen to be supported and serviced by others rooms such a scullery, cold room, dry larder, wines cellar or butler’s pantry?
What is the route in to the house and kitchen for groceries, and what is the route out for waste? Where is the location of waste for recycling? Understanding this can have an important influence on the position of fridges, bins and internal doors.
Is there an existing kitchen, and are its contents relevant? Quite often there is a real benefit in surveying the clients’ existing contents and existing storage volume as this can have a direct bearing on how the new bespoke kitchen is designed.
What is the floor finish? We need to first consider the setting out of the floor in relation to the kitchen plinth lines to ensure joins don’t clash or look ill-considered.
What is the structure of the flooring proposed? The weight of the kitchen furniture and kitchen appliances are significant as they will deflect the sub floor and compress the floor coverings if they are not correctly engineered.
What are the window furnishings? Do they need to be accommodated into the design?
What are the heating requirements for the kitchen and how is the space to be heated? If the kitchen is under floor heated, BTU calculations should be made by excluding the kitchen furniture foot print, otherwise too much heating might be installed into the room. Heating underneath fine furniture is also likely to cause timber movement and potentially structural damage.
What are the general ergonomics of the client? Are they exceptionally tall, and what is the height of their partner? Do they have any disabilities to consider?
Appliances and Kitchen Equipment
What fuel type is available? Often in rural locations, natural gas is not available which means LPG needs to be considered as an alternative. If the LPG route needs to be taken, checks need to be made to ensure that chosen gas appliances can be converted to LPG.
What is the oven capacity needed and how many hobs are required?
Does the client prefer a range oven or ovens in column? Understanding the age of the client is an an import factor when choosing positions of ovens in a kitchen, flooring types, access, waste routes and so on.
What type of cooking does the user of the kitchen do? Knowing this will effect the choice of appliances. Oven types can vary from conventional, fan assisted, grilling, baking, steaming, microwave and multi-functional options whereas hobs now come in a dizzying variety, including ceramic, induction, gas, wok, grille, steam, fryer, Teppanyaki, domino.
What are the kitchen extraction requirements? Where is extractor motor located? Ideally in-line or externally as this will be quieter. Does the client fry a great deal on a Teppanyaki type hob? Knowing the size of the room in cubic metres will effect the size of the extractor motor.
What type of lighting is integrated into the extractor system? Does this co-ordinate with the task lighting throughout the rest of the kitchen?
What volume of refrigeration and freezer is required?
Is there remote cold storage available? There is little point in taking up critical space in the main kitchen with long term storage.
What wine storage and cold drink storage is needed?
Is cold water and ice making required?
Water, Sinks, Dishwashing and Waste
Is there enough drop? It’s important to consider waste water routes when siting sinks to ensure enough drop is available to deliver grey water into the drainage.
Thought should be given towards the material of the sink. Consider the suitability of the kitchen sink materials from a functional and aesthetic perspective. Options include ceramic / cast iron enameled / stainless steel / wooden / corian / synthetic / stone. If there is crystal being hand washed in the scullery sink then wood is more appropriate than cast iron.
Consider the different uses of a sink. Preparation of food, drainage for cooking liquids, and scullery. In larger kitchens that serve large volumes, it helps to separate these functions. In smaller compact spaces it may be necessary to combine all these function into one sink.
Thick worktops When specifying thick kitchen worktops, consider the fixing of taps; it may be necessary to undercut the worktop to accommodate the thread length of the tap.
Solid Stone Sinks: when specifying stone sinks it is well worth understanding their weight, depth, support and how to integrate ‘over flows’.
Matching metal finishes. When specifying taps and sprays it is important to consider the metal finishes available. Is it possible for the taps to match the wastes in the sink? Will they have to be custom finished?
Dishwashers: Dishwashers have a minimum height beyond which they cannot be compressed. With integrated models it is important to ensure the height of the plinth and length of the integrated door is considered so the geometry of opening door works. Particular care should be taken with ‘in frame’ doors. If the kitchen caters for large parties, are two dishwashers needed?
Bin Drawer Doors. Dishwashers and bin drawers are the most frequently used moving parts of a kitchen, and therefore need to be robust. Does the adjoining furniture need to be protected from steam and water? The design of a bin drawer needs to facilitate easy cleaning and sorting of waste for recycling.
Waste Disposal. Is kitchen waste disposal needed? Switched or continuous feed?
Consider the storage of waste. If possible, do not store waste within the kitchen but look to a transitory location for larger volumes between ‘bin days’. Dealing with waste is an essential process within a household and a holistic strategy needs to be developed that works.
Kitchen Equipment and Gadgets
There are a never ending list of kitchen gadgets and equipment for food preparation. It is worthwhile finding out which ones need to be stored in and around the kitchen; here is a check list:
- Integrated and worktop coffee machines.
- Air Fryers
- Multifunctional taps (and affiliated reservoirs).
- Bar top bottle coolers.
- Ice cream makers.
- Bread makers.
- Fish kettles.
- Rice steamers.
- Food processor.
- Coffee grinders.
- Sandwich toaster
Moving a Kitchen in a Listed Building
Moving a kitchen in a listed building is a common requirement among many new country and listed house owners, and it’s becoming increasingly popular as family lifestyles continue to become less formal. Listed Building Consent may be required to create a new kitchen or alter an existing one if your house is a Grade 1 or Grade 2 listed building.